READING TO CHILDREN – ASK QUESTIONS AND ENGAGE THE CHILD

This can be done in a range of ways to encourage and foster enquiry. This article raises some interesting issues. While it is well-known that reading to children can help to foster a love of books and to develop reading as a habit, it is interesting to note that the reader – whether a parent, teacher or carer — should engage the child.

Questions that encourage predicting the story and why that story line might follow are examples of questions that are more challenging but very worthwhile when it comes to engaging the child during the reading process. Another example of more challenging questions might be to ask the child not how a character feels but why they might feel that way, as a way to encourage feelings of empathy.

It might be more difficult in a classroom environment, if not all of the students are at the same level and with the same experiences of being read to and being asked questions as they hear a story, but certainly in a home environment children can be given more challenging questions. Also, in a home environment, there is less emphasis on a question requiring a ‘correct’ answer (which children learn quickly is the norm in a classroom) so questions which ask for more speculation or for some justification might be possible.

It is without doubt desirable for children to develop reading as a lifelong habit and this love of books and delight in the telling of stories should be nurtured from a young age. Using as many different strategies to help children with this is good advice.

给孩子读故事?问问题,让孩子参与进来

这可以通过一系列的方式来鼓励和促进好奇心。本文提出了一些有趣的问题。众所周知,给孩子读书有助于培养对书籍的热爱,并将阅读培养成一种习惯,但值得注意的是,读者——无论是父母、老师还是保姆——都应该让孩子参与进来。

鼓励预测故事情节的问题,以及为什么故事情节会这样发展是很好的问题,这些问题很具挑战性,但能有效地让孩子参与阅读过程。更具挑战性的问题,不问孩子一个角色的感觉如何,而是问他们为什么会有这种感觉,以此来鼓励孩子产生同理心。

在课堂环境中可能更困难,如果不是所有的学生都在同一水平,听故事时没有都被问问问题。但肯定在家庭环境下,孩子可以接受更有挑战性的问题。此外,不同于课堂上,在家庭环境中,回答问题并不重视是否给出了正确答案。因此需要更多猜测或一些理由的问题也是可以的。

毫无疑问,孩子们应该把阅读作为一生的习惯来培养,这种对书籍的热爱和讲故事的乐趣应该从小就培养起来。使用尽可能多的不同策略来帮助孩子,这是一个很好的建议。

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